bg大游娱乐

每经专访生态环境部副部长刘华: bg大游娱乐国核电安全水平国际领先
  [2019-05-29]    

bg大游娱乐zaijinniandequanguolianghuishang,guojiaanquan、wuranfangzhidenghuatichengweidaibiaoheweiyuanmentaolunderedian。heyufusheanquanshiguojiaanquandezhongyaozuchengbufen,yeshishengtaihuanjingbaohudezhongyaoneirong。

bg大游娱乐bgdayouyuleguoshishijieshanghenengliyongfazhanjiaokuaideguojiazhiyi,zaijianhedianjizujushijiediyi。suizhehenengliyongdebuduanshenru,xindejishubuduanchuxian,ruheanquanliyong、fazhanhenengchengweishehuizuiweiguanqiedehuatizhiyi。zaijijiangdaolaide“shisiwu”,henengliyongjiangtisu,heanquangongzuobiandeyouweizhongyao。

yixilieyouguanheanquandewentixuyaoranggongzhongzhixiao: bgdayouyuleguohediananquanshuipingruhe?zaixinguanfeiyanyiqingdeyingxiangxiaruhekaizhanheanquangongzuo?heanquan“shisanwu”zhongdianrenwuwanchengqingkuanghe“shisiwu”guihuazhidingsiluruhe?

《meirijingjixinwen》(yixiajiancheng“nbd”)jizhejiushangshuwentizhuanfanglequanguozhengxieweiyuan、shengtaihuanjingbufubuzhang、guojiaheanquanjujuzhangliuhua。 

刘华副部长(前排左二) 图片来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游娱乐集团-官网APP下载

疫情对核设施运行和bg大游娱乐影响较小

NBD: 疫情对核安全工作带来了哪些影响,bg大游娱乐采取了哪些针对性措施?

刘华: bg大游娱乐核行业在新冠肺炎疫情早期也存在少量人员未能及时返岗、个别在建工地复工延期等现象,但由于核行业整体计划性较强,各企业采取了严格有效的防疫手段,设施运行和bg大游娱乐影响较小,安全和质量得到了有效控制。

mianduiyiqingdeyanjunkaoyan,shengtaihuanjingbu(guojiaheanquanju)renzhenluoshixijinpingzongshujiguanyutongchouzuohaoxinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkonghejingjishehuifazhandezhongyaozhishijingshen,quanmianguanchedangzhongyang、guowuyuangexiangjuecebushu,luoshi“liuwen”“liubao”yaoqiu,jianchi“zhanyi”“huhe”liangshouzhua、liangbuwu,yifangmianjiaqiangjianguanduiwuzishendeyiqingfangkong,lingyifangmianbangzhuhezhidaoqiyejiaqiangyiqingfangkong,baozhanganquanshengchan,weiyiqingfangkongzujizhangongxian“he”li。

yishijianchixianshangyuxianxiaxiangjiehe,quebaoheanquanjiandushuipingbujiangdi。

guojiaheanquanjuduihedianchangdengzhongdianhesheshihezhongyaoheshebeizhizaochangshixingzhuchangxianchangjianduzhidu。

bg大游娱乐yiqingqijian,bgdayouyuleguohedianchanglianxuwendingyunxing,heanquanjianduyuanlianxu2-3geyuejianshouxianchangjiandugangwei,quebaozhuchangjiandubuduandang。

tongshi,liyonghulianwangjishuzhichixianchangjianduyuanxianchangjiandugongzuo,xianshangxianxiajiehekaizhanhesheshijianzao、yunxing、weixiuzhuanxiangjiancha,baozhengjianguanshuipinghejianguanshendubujiangdi。

jiakuaihedianchangbgdayouyule、yunwei、fushefanghuguanlifangmiandexinxihuayingyong,youxiaoyunxingquanguotongyidehedianchangjingyanfankuixinxihuapingtai,duihedianchangyunxingshijianjinxingzonghequshifenxi,youzhenduixingdifangkonganquanfengxian。

ershijianchiguanliyubgdayouyulexiangjiehe,cujinqiyefugongfuchan。

youhuayiqingqijianxukeshenchachengxu,jiakuaiheanquanshebei、renyuanzizhihefangshexingtongweisujinchukoushenpide“yiwangtongban”jincheng,hua“menjian”wei“ganggan”,zaiquebaoanquanqiantixia,weiqiyefugongfuchananxia“kuaijinjian”。

sanshijianchijianguanyubangfuxiangjiehe,changtonggongyinglianchanyelian。

bg大游娱乐quanmianmopaixiufuhedianjianzaohezhuangbeizhizaogongyinglian、shichanglian、peitaolian,weiqiyedatong“dudian”、bushang“duandian”、xiaochu“kadian”,quebaohedianjianzaozhiliangheyunxinganquan,weibaozhangdianwanganquanfahuijihezuoyong。

sishijianchijianyayuzhulixiangjiehe,weiyiqingfangkonggongxian“he”li。

bg大游娱乐jijixiediaofangsheyuanshengchan、xiaoshou、yunshudanwei,xunsujiangyipiyiyuanjixudefangsheyuanyundihubei,jiejuelewuhanyiyongfangsheyuanduanquederanmeizhiji。

huomianyiqingfangkongzhongjinjishiyongdect、yidongdrdengshexianzhenduanshebeixukeshouxu,tuichiyiliaojigouniandupinggubaogaotijiaoshixian,zhichifuzhaoqiyekaizhanyiyongfanghuzhuangbeifuzhaomiejun,gulihexingyejuanxianfanghuwuzi、canyuhesuanjiancedenggongzuo,zhulidayingyiqingfangkongzujizhan。 

刘华副部长(中) 图片来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游娱乐集团-官网APP下载

bg大游娱乐国运行核电机组安全业绩保持良好

NBD: 前些年,国际上一些核安全事故曾引起全世界的关注,bg大游娱乐国核电安全处于什么样的水平?放射源事故发生概率如何?

刘华: bg大游娱乐国始终把保障核安全作为重要的国家责任,融入核能开发利用全过程,始终以安全为前提发展核事业,建立了接轨国际、符合国情、较为完备的核与辐射安全法规标准体系,按照最严格标准实施监督管理。

bg大游娱乐tongshi,bgdayouyuleguohedianshiyeqibujiaowan,zaihedianchangsheji、jianzaoheyunxingfangmianjiaohaodixishouleguojichengshujingyan,jubeiyidingdehoufayoushi。

bg大游娱乐jiezhimuqian,bgdayouyuleguoyunxinghedianjizu47tai,anquanyejibaochilianghao,qijinweifashengguojiheyufangsheshijianfenjibiao(ines)2jijiyishangdeyunxingshijian。

yunxinghedianchangmanzubgdayouyuleguoxianxingheanquanfaguiheguojiyuanzinengjigouanquanbiaozhunyaoqiu,jubeiwanbeideyingduishejijizhunshigudenengli,yejubeiyidingdeyanzhongshiguyufanghehuanjienengli,yunxinghedianchangdeanquanshiyoubaozhangde。

bg大游娱乐ap1000、eprhe“hualongyihao”dengxinxinghedianjizucongshejijieduanjiubijiaochongfendikaolvleyanzhongshigudeyufanghehuanjie,shejianquanshuipingjinyibutigao。

4taiap1000he2taieprjizuyijingzaibgdayouyuleguochenggongwanchengquanmiandiaoshi,jinrushangyeyunxing,bgdayouyuleguochengweishijiezuixianzhangwoxinyidaihedianchangdiaoshiheyunxingjishudeguojia。

shijiehedianyunyingzhexiehui(wano)gongbudeshujubiaoming,jinwunianbgdayouyuleguohedianjizude80%yunxingzhibiaochuyushijiezhongzhishuipingyishang,70%zhibiaochuyuguojixianjinzhizhishang。

2019niangongyou23taiyunxinghedianjizuwanozonghezhishuhuodemanfen,qiezhengtianquanzhibiaozhuniantisheng,yinggaishuobgdayouyuleguohediananquanshuipingshiguojilingxiande。

bgdayouyuleguozaijianjizu15tai,tongguoxiquguoneiwai30duoniandeyunxingjingyanheanquanyanjiuchengguo,chixujinxinggaijinheyouhua,xiangbiguojitongleijizu,juyoujiaogaodeshejianquanshuiping。

bg大游娱乐tongguoduixuanzhi、sheji、zhizao、bgdayouyule、anzhuanghediaoshidengquanliantiaoshishizhiliangkongzhiheyouxiaoguanli,zhiliangshijiandedaotuoshanchuli,youxiaobaozhanglezaijianjizuzhiliang。

zaifusheanquanfangmian,bgdayouyuleguoxianyouzaiyongfangsheyuan14.6wanmei、shexianzhuangzhi19.8wantai(tao)。

zaizhongyangheshengshixiangejizhengfubumendegongtongnulixia,fangshexingtongweisuheshexianzhuangzhidefusheanquanjianguangongzuobuduanshenru,guyouanquansheshideyigaijin,fangsheyuanshigunianfashenglvcong20shiji90niandaidemeiwanmei6.2qixiajiangzhijinniandemeiwanmei1qiyixia,fusheanquanshuipingchixutigao。 

3月2日,“华龙一号”全球首堆热态性能试验基本完成,图为操纵员在主控室检查主泵状态。图片来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游娱乐集团-官网APP下载

放射性废物治理进程亟待加快

NBD: 当前,bg大游娱乐国核安全监管主要面临哪些方面的挑战?bg大游娱乐正在采取什么样的手段来迎接挑战?

刘华: 长期以来,bg大游娱乐国核与辐射安全保持良好安全业绩,核设施未发生过国际核与放射事件分级表2级及以上的运行事件,放射源事故年发生率保持低位,辐射环境质量良好。同时bg大游娱乐也清醒认识到,核安全风险始终存在。

yishiguojicengmian。

quanqiuheanquantaishifuzaduobian,zhanlveboyijiaju,guojiheanquanzhixushoudaoyidingchengduchongji,yingxiangbgdayouyuleguoheanquandebuquedingbuwendingyinsuzengjia。

ershixingyecengmian。

bg大游娱乐mianduijingjixiaxingyali,yaoshizhongjianchianquandiyidefazhanlinianbudongyao。

qiyeheanquanzerenluoshixuchixujiaqiang,weiguicaozuohenongxuzuojiawentirengweiwanquandujue;

hesheshituiyijifangshexingfeiwuzhilijinchengjidaijiakuai;

guantingyoukuangyesheshideanquanyuhuanjingyinhuanburonghushi。

sanshishehuicengmian。

bg大游娱乐gongzhonggaoduguanzhuheanquan,heanquangongzhonggoutongxingshi、jizhirengxubuduanwanshan,gongzhonggoutongjutigongzuorengxuluoxiluoshi,jiujiuweigong。

sishijianguancengmian。

bg大游娱乐suizhexinjizudetouyun,xinjishu、xincailiao、xinzhuangbeideyingyong,jianguanziyuanliliangpeizhixujinyibujiaqiang。

weici,bgdayouyuleyaojianchidixiansiwei,qianghuayouhuanyishi,dahaohuaweiweijidezhudongzhan。

yiyaotigaozhanwei。

congzongtiguojiaanquandegaoduyanjiuhetuijinheanquangongzuo,qianghuafengxianyujingjiance、yanpanhuishanghelianfangliankong,tishengfangfanfengxiandenengli,suzaolianghaodeheanquanfenwei。

eryaoqianghuafazhi。

tuijinzhilitixixiandaihua,jiakuaituijinheanquanfapeitaofaguibiaozhunzhixiuding,tishengjianduzhifanengli,qianghuaheyufusheanquanguanlitixidebuduanwanshan,chixuzhuahaoguanlitixijiqixiangguanchengxuzhidudeguanchezhixing、genzongpingguhechixugengxin。

sanyaocongyanjianguan。

jianchiwentidaoxiang,qianghuafengxianguankong,zuzhishishiheyufusheanquanyinhuanpaichasannianxingdongjihua。

yiyunxinganquanweihexinqianghuahesheshianquanjianguan,tuijinjingyanfankuitixiyouxiaoyunzhuan。

bg大游娱乐jixutuijinhesheshituiyijifangshexingfeiwuzhili,paichaguantingyoukuangyesheshideanquanyuhuanjingyinhuan。

youhuaxukeliucheng,qianghuashizhongshihoujianguan,yashiyingyundanwei、zongchengbaodanwei、jianandanwei、zhizaodanweidezeren。

siyaoquanmianbaozhang。

bg大游娱乐chixutuijinheanquanwenhuabgdayouyule,jiaqiangxuanguanpinggu。qianghuaheanquanxinxigongkai、gongzhongcanyuhekepuxuanchuan。

shenhuaheanquanguojihezuo,tuijinquanqiuheanquanzhili。fayangheanquanjingshen,dazaoheanquantiejun。 

“华龙一号”全球首堆福清核电5号机组现场(1月8日摄) 图片来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游娱乐集团-官网APP下载

国控辐射环境质量监测点达1597个

NBD: 今年是“十三五”收官之年,核安全“十三五”规划中的重点任务完成情况如何?

刘华: 2018年生态环境部会同发展改革委、财政部、能源局、国防科工局对《核安全与放射性污染防治“十三五”规划及2025年远景目标》执行情况进行了中期评估,认为《规划》实施总体进展良好,目标指标基本满足预期进度要求。

muqian,《guihua》zhongqipingguyijingqidong,jiangduiguihuashishiqingkuangjinxingquanmianxitongdepinggu。《guihua》shishiyilai,gediqu、gebumenyangeluoshifengongrenwu,youlitishengleheanquanyufangshexingwuranfangzhishuiping,baochilelianghaoheyufusheanquanyeji。

bg大游娱乐yishiheyufusheanquantixigengjiawanshan。

bg大游娱乐banbushishiheanquanfa,chixuwanshanheyufusheanquanfaguibiaozhun。

shenhuajigougaige,tuidonghediananquanjianguanjigoushezhiyoufenjieduanjianguanhuafenxiangfenquyujianguanhuafenzhuanbian,qianghuahesheshiyunxinganquanbaozhangtixibgdayouyule,jinyibufahuiheyufusheanquanjianduzhanzhinengzuoyong。

bg大游娱乐jianlijianquanzhongguoheyufusheanquanguanlitixi,tishengjianguanbiaozhunhuaguifanhuashuiping。

bg大游娱乐tuijinzhongyangdudao、difangzhudao、qiyezuowei、gongzhongcanyudeheanquangongzhonggoutongjizhibgdayouyule,fabiao《zhongguodeheanquan》baipishu,qianghuaheanquanwenhuapeiyu,shenhuaheanquanguojihezuo,yingzaoquanxingye、quanshehui、quanshijiegongtongweihuheanquandelianghaofenwei。

bg大游娱乐ershiheyufusheanquannenglixianzhutisheng。

bg大游娱乐guojiaheyufusheanquanjianguanjishuyanfajiditouruyunxing,bgdayouyulequanguotongyidehedianchang、yanjiuduijingyanfankuipingtai,heyufusheanquanshenping、jiandu、zhifanengliquanmiantisheng。

jianliguojia、sheng、shisanjifushehuanjingjiancetixi,guokongfushehuanjingzhiliangjiancedianda1597ge,zhongdianhesheshizhouweijianduxingjiancexitong46tao。

luoshihedianjituananquanzeren,zujian3gehedianqiyeheshigukuaisuzhiyuanjidi,jianli300rendeguojiayingjijiuyuanduihe25zhizhuanyejiuyuanfendui。

bg大游娱乐dalipeiyangheanquanzhuanyerencai,quanguokaibanhegongchengleizhuanyededaxueda72jia,meinianzhaosheng3000ren。

yipixianjin、kekaodeheanquanjishudedaogongchengyingyong,heanquanguanjianshebeihecailiaozizhuyanfaheguochanhuaqudezhongdachengguo。

bg大游娱乐sanshiheyufusheanquanfengxianyoulifangfan。

duocikaizhanfugaiquanguohesheshidezongheanquandajiancha,ribenfudaoheshiguzhihouanquangaijinduanqi、zhongqimubiaoquanmianwancheng,zhangqicuoshichixutuijin,hesheshianquanshuipingdedaojinyibutisheng。

bg大游娱乐tuijinkaizhanhejidifangshexingshuipingdiaocha,tuoshanchulichuzhifangshexingfeiwu,zaoqihesheshi、youkuangyesheshituiyizhiliqudejijijinzhan。

bg大游娱乐hesheshi、fangshexingfeiwukuanbaoshengjiyouxutuijin。

shishijiaqiangfangsheyuananquanxingdongjihua,jianliguojiahejishuliyongguanlishujuku,shixianfangsheyuanheshexianzhuangzhi100%naruxukeguanli,feijiufangsheyuan100%anquanshouzhu。 

2019年4月27日拍摄的福清核电5号机组 图片来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游娱乐集团-官网APP下载

将进行核与辐射安全隐患排查

NBD: 2018年1月1日,核安全领域的根本法《中华人民共和国核安全法》正式实施,两年来实施情况如何,有何成效?

刘华: bg大游娱乐2018年1月1日,核安全法正式实施。为保障核安全法实施向纵深推进,生态环境部(国家核安全局)开展了一系列活动。

yishikaizhanpufaxuanchuanhuodong。

bianzhiheanquanfajieducailiaoheheyufusheanquanfaguihuibian,chubanxiliexuanguantuce,jubanfazhipeixunban,jijiliyong“4·15”quanminguojiaanquanjiaoyuri、liuwuhuanjingridengpingtai,tuidongquanxingyefenlingyu、fencengcikaizhanheanquanfaxuanguanhuodong。

bg大游娱乐ershiwanshanpeitaoguizhangzhidu。

bg大游娱乐fabu《minyongheanquanshebeihanjierenyuanzigeguanliguiding》《minyongheanquanshebeiwusunjianyanrenyuanzigeguanlibanfa》《hedonglichang、yanjiudui、heranliaoxunhuansheshianquanxukechengxuguiding》dengbumenguizhang,zhixiudingyixiliedaozehewenjian,quebaofadingyaoqiuluodijianxiao。

bg大游娱乐sanshitishengyifalvzhinengli。

bg大游娱乐yijuheanquanfafadingzhize,jieheheanquanjianguanxinxingshixinrenwu,tansuofengxianzhiyinxingjianguanmoshi,tuidongjianguanzhongxinxiangbaozhangyunxinghediananquanhequebaohedianjianzaozhiliangbingzhongzhuanbian。jiangwangluoanquannaruhediananquanguanlitixi,tishengdulixiaohenengli,youhuarenyuanzizhiguanlizhidu,quanmianluoshijianguanzhize。

sishijianchiyifacongyanjianguan。

bg大游娱乐zhiding《heyufusheanquanxingzhengzhifagongzuozhinan》,zhidingbingfabuleyizhengtaohesheshianquanjiandujianchagongzuochengxu,guifanzhifaxingwei,tongyizhifachidu。kaizhanjinkouheanquanshebeizhuanxiangpaichadenghuodong,duinongxuzuojia、weiguicaozuodengshijianbaochi“lingrongren”gaoyataishi。

tongguokaizhanyishanghuodong,“anquandiyi”defangzhenshenrurenxin,heanquanzhutizerenjinyibuluoshi,heanquanfaguibiaozhuntixigengjiajianquan,heanquanjianguanfazhihuashuipingqieshitisheng,heanquanzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuabgdayouyulequdemingxianchengxiao。

NBD: 今年4月,中广核集团2020年长湾领导力论坛提出,生态环境部(国家核安全局)将进行为期三年的核与辐射安全隐患排查。请问,排查的背景和重点是什么?

刘华: bg大游娱乐为贯彻以习近平同志为核心的党中央近期关于安全生产工作的系列重要指示批示精神,落实有关会议要求,生态环境部今年4月召开部党组(扩大)会议,研究部署进一步做好核与辐射安全事故风险排查及应急应对工作,决定开展核设施、铀矿冶、核技术利用单位安全风险排查。

bg大游娱乐benciheyufusheanquanyinhuanpaichajiangduiquanguominyonghesheshiyingyundanwei、youkuangye、hejishuliyongdanweiheheanquanshebeichizhengdanweiyifayiguicongyanshishianquanyinhuanpaicha。

bg大游娱乐yifangmian,jianchirongrurichangheyufusheanquanjianguan。

geyouguandanweijiangjieherichangjianguanqingkuanghejianchajieguo,dingqifenxiyanpanbeijianchadanweianquanzhuangkuangheshehefengxiandian,chechageleianquanyinhuanjiboruohuanjie,duifaxianwentizhutiaozhuxiangladanguazhang,quebaoanqiconggenyuanzhenggaixiaohao。

lingyifangmian,jianchiyashiyingyundanweiheyufusheanquanzeren。

bg大游娱乐jiangyingyundanweizichahejianguanbumenxianchanghechaxiangjiehe,ducuyingyundanweiqianghuafengxianfangfanyishi、fazhiyishi,guifanneibuanquanguanli,jianshiyingduicuoshi,qianghuaanquanguanlihefengxianfangfanzhangxiaojizhi,zhashizuohaoyingjizhunbeiheyanlian,youxiaofangfanheyufusheshigu。 

广东深圳的大亚湾核电基地两台机组(2019年8月8日摄) 图片来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游娱乐集团-官网APP下载

核安全监管重心、模式等将发生转变 

NBD: bg大游娱乐知道,核安全“十四五”规划正在制定之中,总的原则和方向是什么?与“十三五”时期相比,未来五年bg大游娱乐国核安全监管上会有些什么变化?

刘华: bg大游娱乐目前,核安全“十四五”规划编制工作已经启动,编制的原则和方向主要是以下几个方面:

bg大游娱乐zaigongzuomubiaoshang,yaoshixian“sigezhuanbian”。

jisixiangrenshishang,yaocongchuantongdehesheshianquanxiangguangyideguojiaheanquanzhuanbian;

bg大游娱乐jianguanzhongxinshang,yaocongyijianzaoxukeshenchaweizhu,xiangbaozhangyunxinganquanhequebaojianzaozhiliangbingzhongzhuanbian;

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来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游娱乐集团-官网APP下载

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